THE PROPHECIES ABOUT THE CHRIST AND THEIR FULFILMENT (MATTHEW 1:1-17, LUKE 3: 23-38)

INTRODUCTION

The story of Jesus Christ stands as the most important event creation has ever known. The Bible tells us that long before the world began, God had planned that the crucifixion of Jesus would be the method and payment for sin- the only payment that would reconcile sinners to a holy and loving God. 1 Peter 1:19- 20 has this to say: ‘He paid for you with the precious lifeblood of Christ, the sinless, spotless lamb of God. God chose him for this purpose long before the world began, but now in these final days, he was sent to the earth for all to see. And he did this for you.

Down through history, God provided us a roadmap. He foretold various signs and conditions through His prophets. These prophets spoke of things that mankind should watch for, so that the Messiah would be recognized and believed. These signs or prophesies were given to us in the Old Testament. The Old Testament is the part of the Bible written before Jesus was born. Its writings were completed in 450BC. The Old Testament, written hundreds of years before Jesus birth, contains over 300 prophesies that Jesus fulfilled through His life, death and resurrection.

It is the magnificent detail of these prophesies that mark the Bible as the inspired word of God. Only God could foreknow and accomplish all that was written about the Christ. This historical accuracy and reliability sets the Bible apart from any other book or record. The New Testament was written after the death of Jesus Christ. This is the miraculous and reliable record of the word of God. God gave us these prophesies to build our faith and point the way to His Son. As 1 John 1:1-3 states, ‘The One who existed from the beginning is the One we have heard and seen. We saw Him with our own eyes and touched Him with our own hands He is Jesus Christ, the word of life. This One who is life from God was shown to us, and we have seen Him and now we testify and announce to you that He is the One who is eternal life. He was with the Father, and then He was shown to us. We are telling you about what we ourselves have actually seen and heard so that you may have fellowship with us and our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son, Jesus Christ.’

  1. THE PROPHECIES AND THEIR FULFILMENTS

In this lesson we will take a look at just a few of the prophecies of Jesus Christ and their fulfillments.

S/No.

Prophesies

Intent

Fulfilment

1.

Genesis 3: 15: ‘And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed, it shall bruise thy head and thou shalt bruise his head.

Would be the seed of a woman.

Galatians 4:4: ‘But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son, made of a woman, made under the law.’ (Luk 2:7; Rev 12:3)

2.

Genesis 18:18: ‘Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him.’

Promised seed of Abraham

Acts 3:25: ‘Ye are the children of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, and in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed.’ (Mat 1:1; Luk 3:34)

3.

Genesis 17: 19: ‘And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed, and thou shall call his name Isaac, and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant and with his seed after him.

Promised seed of Isaac

Matthew 1:2: ‘Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren.’ (Luk 3:34)

4.

Numbers 24:17: ‘I shall see him, but not now. I shall behold him, but not nigh. There shall come a star out of Jacob, and a scepter shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.’ (Gen 28:14)

Promised seed of Jacob

Luke 3:34: ‘Which was the son of Jacob which was the son of Isaac which was the son of Abraham which was the son of Thara which was the son of Nacor’ (Mat 1:2)

5.

Genesis 49:10: ‘The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet until Shiloh come, and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.

Will descend from the tribe of Judah.

Luke 3:33: ‘Which was the son of Aminadad, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Juda.’(Mat 1:2-3)

6.

Isaiah 9:7: ‘Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end upon his kingdom, to own it and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even forever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.’ (Isa 11:1-5; 2Sam 7:13)

The heir to the throne of David.

Matthew 1:1: ‘The book of the generation of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham.’ (Mat 1:6)

7.

Micah 5:2: ‘But thou, Bethlehem, Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose going forth have been from old, from everlasting.

Place of birth

Matthew 2:1: ‘Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the King behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem.’(Luk 2:4-7)

8.

Daniel 9:25: ‘Know therefore, and understand that from the going forth of the commandment unto the Messiah the prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks; the street shall be built again and the wall, even in troubled time.

Time of birth

Luke 2:1-2: ‘And it came to pass in these days that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)’ Luk 2:3-7

9.

Isaiah 7:14: ‘Therefore the Lord Himself shall give you a sign, behold a virgin shall conceive and bear a son and shall call his name Emmanuel.’

Born of a virgin.

Matthew 1:18: ‘Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise; when as His mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together. She was found with child of the Holy Ghost (Luk 1:26-35)

10.

Jeremiah 31:15: ‘Thus said the Lord; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation and bitter weeping; Rachel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children because they were not.

Massacre of infants.

Matthew 2:16: ‘Then Herod when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.’ (Mat 2:17-18)

11.

Hosea 11:1: ‘When Israel was a child then I loved him and called my son out of Egypt.

Flight into Egypt.

Matthew 2:14: ‘When he arose, he took the young child and His mother by night and departed into Egypt.’ (Mat 2:15

12.

Isaiah 9:1-2: ‘Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan in Galilee of the nations. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light; They that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them that hath the light shined.

Ministry in Galilee

Matthew 4:12-16: ‘Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, He departed into Galilee; and leaving Nazareth He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim.

13.

Deuteronomy 18:15: ‘The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken.

As a prophet.

John 6:14: ‘Then these men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, this is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world.’ (Joh 1:45; Act 3:19-26)

14.

Psalm 110:4: ‘The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.’

As a priest like Melchizedek.

Hebrews 6:20: ‘Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an High Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.’ (Heb 5:5-6, 7:15-17)

15.

Isaiah 53:3: ‘He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief and we hid as it were our faces from him, he was despised, and we esteemed him not.’(Psa 2:2)

His rejection by the Jews.

John 1:11: ‘He came unto His Own, and His Own received Him not. (Joh 5:45, Luk 4:29; 17:25; 23:18)

16.

Isaiah 11:2: ‘And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord.’ (Psa 45:7; Isa 11: 3-4)

Some of His characteristics.

Luke 2:52 ‘And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature and in favour with God and man.’ (Luk 4:18)

17.

Zechariah 9:9: ‘Rejoice greatly, o daughter of Zion; Shout, o daughter of Jerusalem; behold thy king cometh unto the he is just and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.’ (Isa 62:11)

His triumphant entry.

John 12:13 -14: ‘Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet Him, and cried, Hosanna, blessed is the king of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord. And Jesus, when He had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written.’ (Mat 21:1-11; Joh 12:12)

18.

Psalm 41:9: ‘Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, had lifted up his heel against me.

Betrayed by a friend

Mark 14:10: ‘And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests to betray him unto them.’ (Mat 26:14-16; Mar 14:43-45)

19.

Zechariah 11:12: ‘And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forebear. So they weighted for my price thirty pieces of silver.’ (Zech 11:13)

Sold for thirty pieces of silver.

Matthew 26:15: ‘And said unto them what will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you, and they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.’(Mat 27:3-10)

20.

Zechariah 11:13: ‘And the Lord said unto me, cast it unto the potter; a goodly price that I was priced at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the Lord.

Money to be returned for a potter’s field

Matthew 27:6-7: ‘And the chief priests took the silver pieces and said it is not lawful for to put them into the treasury because it is the price of blood. And they took counsel, and bought with them the potter’s field to bury strangers in.’(Mat 27:3-5, 8-10)

21.

Psalm 109:7-8: ‘When he shall be judged, let him be condemned and let his prayers become sin.

Judas office to be taken by another.

Acts 1:18-20: ‘Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity, and falling headlong he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.

22.

Psalm 27:12: ‘Deliver me not over unto mine enemies for false witnesses are risen up against me and such as breathe out cruelty.’(Psa 35:11)

False witnesses accuse him

Matthew 26:60-61: ‘But found none yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses, and said, this fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days.

23.

Isaiah 53:7: ‘He was oppressed and He was afflicted, yet He opened not His mouth; He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is dumb, so He openeth not His mouth.’ (Psa 38:13-14)

Silent when accused.

Matthew 26:62-63: ‘And the high priest arose, and said unto Him answerest Thou nothing? What is it which these witness against Thee? But Jesus held His peace. And the high priest answered and said unto Him, I adjure Thee by the living God that Thou tell us whether Thou be the Christ, the Son of God.’

24.

Isaiah 50:6: ‘I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair. I hid not my face from shame and spitting.’

Smitten and spat upon.

Mark 14:65: ‘And some began to spit on Him, and to cover His face, and to buffet Him, and to say unto Him, “Prophesy!” And the servants strike Him with the palms of their hands.’

25.

Psalm 69:4: ‘They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head. They that would destroy me, being mine enemies wrongfully are mighty; then I restored that which I took not away.’(Psa 109:3-5)

Was hated without cause

John 15:23-25: ‘He that hated Me hateth My father also. If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin; but now have they both Son and hateth both Me and My Father but this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law. They hated Me without a cause.’

26.

Isaiah 53:4-5: ‘Surely he hath borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we did esteem Him stricken, smitten of God and afflicted. But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities, the chastisement of our peace was upon Him and with His stripes we are healed.’

He bore our sicknesses and infirmities

Matthew 8:16-17: ‘When the evening was come, they brought unto Him many that were possessed with devils and he cast out the spirits with His word, and healed all that were sick. That it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the prophet; saying Himself took our infirmities and bore our sicknesses.’ (Rom 4: 25; 1Co 15:3)

27.

Isaiah 53:12: ‘Therefore will I divide Him a portion with the great, and He shall divide the spoil with the strong, because He hath poured out His soul unto death and He was numbered with the transgressors and He bore the sin of many and made intercession for the transgressors.’

Crucified with sinners

Matthew 27:38: ‘Then were there two thieves crucified with Him, one on the right hand and another on the left.’ (Mar 15:27-28; Luk 23:33)

28.

Psalm 22:16: ‘For dogs have compassed Me; the assembly of the wicked have enclosed Me. They pierced My hands and My feet.’ (Zec 12:10)

Hands and feet pierced.

John 20:27: ‘Then said He to Thomas, reach hither thy finger, and behold My hands; and reach hither thy hand and thrust it into My side and be not faithless but believe.’ (Joh 20:25-26)

29.

Psalm 22:6-8: ‘But I am a worm, and no man, a reproach of men, and despised of the people. All they that see Me laugh Me to scorn; they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying, He trusted on the Lord that He would deliver Him, let Him deliver Him seeing He delighted in Him.

Mocked and insulted.

 Matthew 27:39-40: ‘And they that passed by reviled Him wagging their heads and saying Thou that destroyed the temple and buildest it in three days, save Thyself if Thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.’ (Mar 15: 29-32)

30.

Psalm 69:21: ‘They gave Me also gall for My meat and in My thirst they gave Me vinegar to drink.

Given gall and vinegar

John 19:29: ‘Now there was a vessel full of vinegar and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to His mouth.’ (Mat 27:34-48)

31.

Psalm 109:4: ‘For my love they are My adversaries but I give Myself unto prayers.’ (Isa 53:12)

Prays for His enemies

Luke 23:34: ‘Then said Jesus, Father forgive them for they know not what they do and they parted His raiment and cast lots.

32.

Zechariah 12:10: ‘And I will pour upon the house of David and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications and shall look upon Me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for Him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for Him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.’

His side to be pierced

John 19:34: ‘But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His side, and forthwith came out blood and water.’

33.

Psalm 22:18: ‘They part My garments among them and cast lots upon My vesture.’

Soldiers cast lots for his coat

Mark 15:24: ‘And when they had crucified Him, they parted His garments casting lots upon them what every man should take.’ (Joh 19:24)

34.

Psalm 34:20: ‘He keepeth all His bone, not one of them is broken.’(Exo 12:46)

Not a bone broken.

John 19:33: ‘But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was dead already, they brake not his legs.’

35.

Isaiah 53:9: ‘And He made His grave with the wicked, and with the rich in His death, because He had done no violence, neither was any deceit in His mouth.’

To be buried with the rich.

Matthew 27:57-60: ‘When the evening was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus disciple, He went to Pilate and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. And when Joseph had taken the body he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and hid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out of the rock.

36.

Psalm 16:10: ‘For Thou will not leave My soul in hell; neither will Thou suffer Thine Holy One to see corruption.’(Mat 16:21)

His resurrection.

Matthew 28:9: ‘And as they went to tell His disciples, behold Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held Him by the feet, and worshiped Him.’ (Luk 24:36-48)

37.

Psalm 68:18: ‘Thou hast ascended on high, Thou hast led captivity captive. Thou hast received gifts for men; yea for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them.

His Ascension

Luke 24:50-51: ‘And He led them out as far as to Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them. And it came to pass, while He blessed them He was parted from them, and carried up into heaven.’(Act 1:9)

 

  1. WHY IS THE HUMAN LINEAGE OF JESUS IMPORTANT?(Matthew 1:1-17 & Luke 3:23-28)

The two most comprehensive collections of Jesus family tree can be found at the beginning of Matthew and at the start of Luke. Though very similar, there are a couple of differences that make for some excellent points.

  1. The first thing that most will notice is that the family line that the Gospel of Matthew paints goes only as far back as the patriarch, father Abraham (Mat 1:1-17). The tracing of Jesus’ line back to Abraham is important because Abraham was given a covenant promise by God of more descendants and land so great that could not be measured (Gen 12:1-3) and Jesus carries that promise forward. Jesus is a part of the very same inheritance and covenant promise tradition that we know from Abraham.
  2. Secondly, the genealogy that Luke records seems to be much more detailed than that of Matthew’s record. So where Luke has a very historical, detailed account, Matthew has a very theological record of Jesus forefathers and even foremothers, which is very unusual for ancient ancestry.

The genealogy of Christ in the book of Matthew takes us through the very truth that God is a promise keeping God of covenants. God is faithful to His word. God of Israel is not finished with His people. In fact, the story of the Old Testament continues in Christ Jesus.

Though Luke also records the genealogy of Jesus, there appears to be a different point being made because of how detailed it is. Luke traces the family line back to the beginning of humanity, beginning with Adam. We see Matthew connecting Christ to Abraham but Luke appears to be driving home the fact that Christ is both (1) A descendant of King David, as well as (2) The son of God (See Luke 3:38).

The lineage or genealogy of Jesus is important because it shows that Jesus continued the covenant promises that God gave to Abraham. In other words, when we think of the birth of Christ we should also consider the continuation of God’s work done through Noah, Abraham, Moses and David. The genealogy also shows that Jesus is the root of David (Rev 22:16). And finally, the human lineage proves that Jesus is Himself the very Son of God.

Having known the importance of the genealogy of Jesus the Christ, this should encourage us in our faith. Christ is a piece of this great work that God is doing. Christ concluded His earthly ministry with the commissioning of believers to continue the great work. In Matthew 28, right before Christ ascended to the right hand of the Father in heaven, Christ instructs His disciples to go into all of the world, making disciples and baptizing them in the name of the Father, of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. As a believer in Christ Jesus, we now belong to His Heavenly family. Being adopted into this family, and now heirs to the inheritance that God shares with us, we are instructed to tell others about Christ. So the story shall continue until the return of our King, Jesus Christ.

  1. CONCLUSION

Our prayer is that our faith will be increased and our witness strengthened as we understand and are able to communicate more clearly that Jesus Christ is indeed the Lamb of God, slain before the foundation of the world. (Rev 13:8) Our hope is that we will know beyond doubt that His death and resurrection are the sacrifice for our sins, and in His death, He takes away not only our sins but the sins of all the world. (1Jo 2:2)

Presented by: Brother E. D. Ebong (Snr)

 


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